While most people only think of CBD and THC when they think about cannabis, the actual number of cannabinoids present in cannabis is unknown. There are thought to be over a hundred cannabinoids, and there’s even more mystery surrounding what each is actually capable of. The good news is, as scientists continue to learn more, more and more secrets are unveiled regarding all the different types of cannabinoids and their effects. Take a look below to see just a few of the most common type of cannabinoids you might find on the cannabinoid wheel and learn more about what they do and how they can help you.
Many cannabinoids bind with CB1/CB2 receptors, however, CBDA actually works with the endocannabinoid system to hinder COX-2 enzymes, which are responsible in many cases for post-injury/infection pain and inflammation. Many researchers even believe that CBDA can inhibit the growth of cancer cells as well as alleviate chemo-induced nausea and vomiting, making it a particularly great cannabinoid for cancer patients and those who suffer from excess inflammation.
CBG is an especially powerful cannabinoid with a wide range of beneficial effects. Its effectiveness in reducing intraocular pressure makes it a go-to for glaucoma patients. It’s a fantastic vasodilator, protects neurological function, can reduce inflammation, is great for destroying and preventing cancer cell growth, promotes health bone growth, helps with sleep, is an exceptional antibacterial agent, and more!
Despite the fact that not much research has been done specifically on CBGA, early evidence hints at plenty of potential benefits. It’s thought to be able to alleviate risks of cardiovascular disease and various metabolic disorders, destroy colon cancer cells, slow down bacterial growth, and even relieve pain and inflammation.
CBC is considered non-intoxicating, meaning it doesn’t produce a traditional “high” most people associate with cannabis. It does, however, bind with numerous other powerful receptors in the body to help fight cancer, pain and inflammation, degenerative neurological disorders, depression, and even acne!
While CBCA has been know to ease inflammation and help in the treatment of fungal infections, with CBC leading the anti-cancer charge, many researchers are expecting big things from CBCA in terms of cancer treatment as well as research progresses.
THC is the infamous cannabinoid known for producing psychoactive effects. However, there are many variations of THC that can all affect the body differently. ∆9 (Delta-9), for example, is thought to have some of the most intense effects, but also a wide range of benefits from nausea/vomiting relief and pain management to being a muscle spasm suppressant and apatite stimulator.
Unlike traditional THC, THCA molecules are too large and do not affect CB1 receptors, meaning they are not intoxicating. THCA is believed to offer an assortment of dietary and nutritional benefits though, including being anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, and antiemetic, as well as being helpful in protecting against neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. As if that wasn’t enough, it can even help suppress muscle spasms and support better sleep too.
In terms of effect and benefits, ∆8 and ∆9 THC are both very similar. The only real notable difference between the two are that ∆8-THC is though to be approximately 50% less potent, meaning those who are new to cannabis may find it to be the perfect introductory cannabinoid.
Like all variations of THC, THCV offers incredible benefits to the user, including reducing the frequency and intensity of seizures/convulsions, offering bone support, preventing hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion injuries, and even making it easier to kick nicotine.
CBD is likely the most versatile and beneficial cannabinoid of all. In fact, pure CBD has been widely available, and used medicinally, for years across the United States even before legalization – and it’s benefits are virtually innumerable. It’s anti-cancer, antibacterial, anti-anxiety, anti-pain, anti-seizure, it’s a tranquilizer, it can lower blood sugar, it protects the brain – the list goes on an on.
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